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A manual of the Aramaic language of the Babylonian Talmud: grammar, chrestomathy and glossaries

Max Leopold Margolis, 1910

This Jewish guide to the grammar of the Aramaic idiom of the Babylonian Talmud contains numerous excellent examples to illustrate the language's characteristics. This work is divided into two parts: a grammar and a chrestomathy, to which two glossaries are attached. A chrestomathy is a collection of choice literary passages, used especially as an aid in learning a subject.

A new practical Hebrew grammar with Hebrew-English and English-Hebrew exercises and a Hebrew chrestomathy

Solomon Deutsch, 1868

Deutsch's book provides an introduction to the language. It contains valuable exercises for language usage and offers valuable historical and cultural information.

The Hittites: Their Inscriptions and their History

John Campbell, 1890

The book consists of two parts: the first being an analysis of all the legible Hittite inscriptions so far published; the second, an extended history of the Hittite people. The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who established an empire at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around the 18th century BC. Hittite is the earliest attested Indo-European language and is the most copiously known of the Anatolian branch. 

Arabic proverbs; or, The manners and customs of the modern Egyptians

Sir William Ouseley and John Lewis Burckhardt, 1830

The Arabic language is a diglossia and is composed of many overlapping dialects. The Egyptian dialect is the most commonly spoken and understood dialect in the Arab world due to the proliferation of the Egyptian media and Egypt's enduring cultural influence. This fascinating book contains a variety of important proverbs and will provide the reader with significant historical, cultural, and linguistic knowledge. 

[ʹErekh milim] = English and Hebrew dictionary

Marcus Heinrich Bresslau, 1856

When Bresslau compiled this dictionary, Hebrew was a dead language. It had not been spoken for thousands of years, and its literature had been dwarfed by the staggering output of the English language. The author asserts that there is no pure word in the English language which cannot be fully expressed in Hebrew; of course, modern words and inventions need modern terms, and such words were not in existence and needed to be "manufactured." This was precisely the challenge facing the early settlers of Israel who sought to speak to Hebrew, and this dictionary offers insight into the problems they faced. 

The Hindu-Arabic numerals

David Eugene Smith, 1911

This book details the history of the Hindu-Arabic numerals. Smith explains that the Arabic numeral system was merely one of the many schemas humanity employed in ancient times. He also asserts that the system is not actually Arab in origin, and that even the earliest Arab scholars claimed that the system originated in India. However, he is also not sure of its exact origins, and he provides a variety of examples of precursors to the modern numerical system that appeared over the centuries.


The literature of the Turks : a Turkish chrestomathy

Charles Wells, 1891

A Turkish chrestomathy. The script is Arabic and is accompanied by English translations. Wells was a professor of Turkish at King's College, London and the author of another book, A Pratical Grammar of the Turkish Language. This chrestomathy is very detailed and contains proverbs and texts from ancient and modern writers.